- Threats of homicide or suicide
- Previous physical assaults
- Access to firearms
- Strangulation during previous assaults
- Access to victims
- Public display of violence toward victim
- History of sexual violence
- Destruction of property
- Jealousy and possessiveness
- Controlling of victim's daily activities and contacts with others
- Drug or alcohol consumption
- Prior calls to police
- Pet abuse
- Lack of respect for the law
- Obsessed with partner or family
- Witnessed intimate partner abuse as a child
- Acute mental health problems
- Victim has children who are not the abuser's
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If you fear for your immediate safety, call 9-1-1 or your local police.
Contact the domestic violence program in your area for free and confidential help.
Other victim programs are available to help you and your family.
Any attorney helping a domestic violence victim may contact the PCADV legal department at 888-235-3425 for information on law and legal procedures. (This is not a helpline for victims.)
The information provided on this website is intended for informational purposes only. The information provided under this topic is not legal advice, does not create an attorney-client relationship, and is not a substitute for contacting an experienced attorney. Read our full legal disclaimer.
- When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2008 Homicide Data (Violence Policy Center, 2009)
- American Roulette: Murder-Suicide in the United States (Violence Policy Center)
- The Facts on Guns and Domestic Violence (Family Violence Prevention Fund)
- Facts on Firearms and Domestic Violence (Violence Policy Center)
- Fact Sheet: Firearms and Intimate Partner Violence (Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University)